Society And Culture In The Philippines Pdf

society and culture in the philippines pdf

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Business Ethics in Theory and Practice pp Cite as. Traditional microeconomic models consider several distinct factors contributing to the production process: land, labor and capital. As technology, corporate ownership and governance, and societal models themselves evolved, however, the differences among these factors have diminished and their importance relative to each other has changed.

Philippines — History and Culture

Located between the South China Sea and Philippine Sea, the Republic of the Philippines contains a diverse set of landscapes, languages and cultures. Various countries — such as Spain, China and the United States — have interacted with and impacted Filipino culture. A sense of national identity and pride emerged out of struggles for Philippine independence.

Key values such fellowship, respect and acceptance are found throughout the culture, with many Filipinos displaying a warming and hospitable demeanour. Geographic and Linguistic Diversity.

The Philippines is made up of over 7, islands, of which approximately 2, are inhabited. The island clusters vary in terms of cuisine, languages and culture. One of the main distinctions is in respect to religion. The population in the northern islands generally identify as Christian while it is much more common to find those who identify as Muslim in the southern parts of the Philippines. The country is also linguistically diverse, with eight major dialects and over languages spoken throughout the inhabited islands.

The official language of the Philippines is Filipino, which is mainly Tagalog the dialect from central and southern Luzon combined with words from various other languages. Depending on their location, Filipinos may not speak the national language. As a way to retain their local identities, many Filipinos will often choose to speak in their regional languages and dialects. Indeed, it is common to find Filipinos who are from different parts of the Philippines conversing in English rather than in Filipino.

Given the diversity of the Philippines, the unifying element of Filipino culture is a complex matter. A sense of national identity emerged out of the long standing struggle for independence.

In contemporary Philippines, many Filipinos are acutely aware of the colonial history of their country. However, the sense of a national identity is fragile, with loyalty residing firstly to their kin group, province or municipality. The Philippines is a collectivist society and individuals tend to understand themselves as a part of a group. For Filipinos, the interests of the collective often override the interests of the individual.

Filipinos generally feel a strong sense of pride towards their group and will celebrate their pride through sharing stories or facts about their family, barangay village or town. The long history of contact with Spain and the United States continues to have a significant impact on the Filipino identity. One example is the influence of American standards of beauty, which are often measured in the Philippines by the possession of Western physical traits — such as fair skin and curly hair.

Another example is the prominence of Christian ideology since the introduction of Christianity by the Spanish. Indeed, when compared to other countries on the Asian continent, the Philippines has one of the highest Christian populations. Social hierarchy in the Philippines is determined according to age and social status. Nearly all Filipinos are taught from an early age about the importance of the underpinning social hierarchy.

Gestures, terms of address and communication styles vary depending on who one interacts with and their relative positions in the social hierarchy. Failing to do so is considered highly disrespectful and a lack of acknowledgment of the established hierarchy. The term generally refers to a shared identity whereby people bond together despite differences in wealth or social status.

Kapwa is related to the collectivistic nature of Filipino society. It is believed that what is good for one person will be good for the collective and ought to be shared with fellow people. Being branded as not having any kapwa is an insult as it implies that the person does not belong to a community. Filipinos may be more motivated to succeed by a fear of shame rather than fear of failing the task at hand. To avoid experiencing shame, they may try to give face to those around them through complimenting them and avoiding direct criticism.

Individuals will often try to be generous and hospitable to avoid hiya and to maintain kapwa. Filipinos are usually very warm and friendly people who enjoy conversing with those around them. It is common to find strangers engaging in conversation or sharing stories to family, friends or foreigners about their hometown, family or country. Filipinos are often expressive and sentimental while maintaining a light-hearted demeanour. Indeed, Filipinos are often willing to share stories of their past that may be considered personal.

Alongside their warming and light-hearted demeanour, the general approach to life is of acceptance. Any individual or group success is often attributed to fate or God rather than efforts.

This indicates a fatalistic attitude throughout society whereby Filipinos are generally accepting of theirs and others circumstances. However, this does not mean Filipinos are passive. Rather, they are hardworking and will often do their best to help themselves and their family. Join over organisations already creating a better workplace.

You can download this cultural profile in an easy-to-read PDF format that can be printed out and accessed at any time. The figure of the total population of each country is drawn from the global estimates listed in the CIA World Factbook , unless otherwise stated. All other statistical information on the demographics of the migrant population in Australia is based on the Australian Housing and Population Census.

Filipino Culture. Core Concepts. Geographic and Linguistic Diversity The Philippines is made up of over 7, islands, of which approximately 2, are inhabited. National and Local Identity Given the diversity of the Philippines, the unifying element of Filipino culture is a complex matter.

Warmth and Acceptance Filipinos are usually very warm and friendly people who enjoy conversing with those around them. Dates of Significance. Do's and Don'ts. Other Considerations. Business Culture. Filipinos in Australia. Cultural Competence Program. Join over organisations already creating a better workplace Find out more. Download this Cultural Profile. Too busy to read it right now? Where do we get our statistics? Cultural Atlas eBook Purchase.

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Business and Culture in the Philippines

The Philippine Islands was the name used before independence. Location and Geography. The Republic of the Philippines, a nation of 7, islands with a total area of , square miles , square kilometers , is located on the Pacific Rim of Southeast Asia. Two thousand of its islands are inhabited. Luzon, the largest island with one-third of the land and half the population, is in the north. Mindanao, the second largest island, is in the south. The Philippines are 1, miles 1, kilometers long from north to south.

Family is considered to be the foundation of social life for most Filipinos. The nuclear family is the core family unit, however bonds are often tight knit among extended family members. Indeed, people may be encouraged to have a relationship with their aunts and uncles that is just as strong as the relationship with their parents. Filial piety is an important concept in Filipino culture. Many Filipinos hold the belief that each family member has several duties and responsibilities they must uphold. For example, family members are required to show respect to their elders at all times. Moreover, those requiring age care are nearly always taken care of by their children or grandchildren.

Although the details vary in the retelling, one Philippine creation myth focuses on this core element: a piece of bamboo, emerging from the primordial earth, split apart by the beak of a powerful bird. From the bamboo a woman and man come forth, the progenitors of the Filipino people. The genesis of the Philippine nation, however, is a more complicated historical narrative. During their sixteenth-century expansion into the East, Ferdinand Magellan and other explorers bearing the Spanish flag encountered several uncharted territories. Under royal decree, Spanish colonizers eventually demarcated a broad geographical expanse of hundreds of islands into a single colony, thus coalescing large groups of cultural areas with varying degrees of familiarity with one another as Las Islas Filipinas.

Philippines — History and Culture

 - Он положил руку ей на плечо.  - Я никогда не послал бы туда Дэвида, если бы считал, что это связано хоть с малейшей опасностью.  - Он улыбнулся.  - Поверь .

Повисла тягостная тишина. Когда Мидж заговорила, ее голос был мрачным: - Стратмор мог обойти фильтры. Джабба снова вздохнул.

Одна и та же картинка смотрела на него со всех двенадцати мониторов наподобие какого-то извращенного балета. Вцепившись руками в спинку стула, Бринкерхофф в ужасе смотрел на экраны. - Чед? - услышал он голос у себя за спиной.

Business and Culture in the Philippines

Беккер последовал в указанном направлении. Он очутился в огромной комнате - бывшем гимнастическом зале. Бледно-зеленый пол мерцал в сиянии ламп дневного света, то попадая в фокус, то как бы проваливаясь. Лампы зловеще гудели. На стене криво висело баскетбольное кольцо. Пол был уставлен десятками больничных коек. В дальнем углу, прямо под табло, которое когда-то показывало счет проходивших здесь матчей, он увидел слегка покосившуюся телефонную будку.

Лиланд Фонтейн решил, что с него довольно этого зрелища. - Выключите, - приказал.  - Выключите эту чертовщину. Джабба смотрел прямо перед собой, как капитан тонущего корабля. - Мы опоздали, сэр. Мы идем ко дну.

Именно по этой причине увольнение из АН Б и последующая депортация стали для него таким шоком. Танкадо, как и остальные сотрудники шифровалки, работал над проектом ТРАНСТЕКСТА, будучи уверенным, что в случае успеха эта машина будет использоваться для расшифровки электронной почты только с санкции министерства юстиции. Использование ТРАНСТЕКСТА Агентством национальной безопасности должно было регулироваться примерно так же, как в случае ФБР, которому для установки подслушивающих устройств необходимо судебное постановление. Программное обеспечение ТРАНСТЕКСТА по раскрытию кодов должно храниться в Федеральной резервной системе и министерстве юстиции. Это должно было гарантировать, что АНБ не сможет перехватывать частную переписку законопослушных граждан во всем мире. Однако когда настало время загрузки программного обеспечения, персоналу, работавшему с ТРАНСТЕКСТОМ, объявили, что планы изменились.

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Директор старался в такие дела не вмешиваться, и это делало его уязвимым, а Мидж постоянно нервничала по этому поводу. Но директор давным-давно взял за правило умывать руки, позволяя своим умным сотрудникам заниматься своим делом, - именно так он вел себя по отношению к Тревору Стратмору. - Мидж, тебе отлично известно, что Стратмор всего себя отдает работе. Он относится к ТРАНСТЕКСТУ как к священной корове. Мидж кивнула. В глубине души она понимала, что абсурдно обвинять в нерадивости Стратмора, который был беззаветно предан своему делу и воспринимал все зло мира как свое личное. Попрыгунчик был любимым детищем коммандера, смелой попыткой изменить мир.

 Тот, что Танкадо держал при. Сьюзан была настолько ошеломлена, что отказывалась понимать слова коммандера. - О чем вы говорите. Стратмор вздохнул. - У Танкадо наверняка была при себе копия ключа в тот момент, когда его настигла смерть. И я меньше всего хотел, чтобы кто-нибудь в севильском морге завладел ею. - И вы послали туда Дэвида Беккера? - Сьюзан все еще не могла прийти в .

Немыслимо, - подумала. Согласно информации, появившейся в окне, команда была подана менее двадцати минут. Сьюзан помнила, что за последние двадцать минут вводила только свой персональный код, когда выходила переговорить со Стратмором. Невозможно представить, что машина могла спутать пароль с командой отключения Следопыта. Понимая, что теряет время, Сьюзан вызвала на экран регистр замка и проверила, верно ли был введен персональный код. Все было сделано как положено. Тогда откуда же пришла команда на ручное отключение.

The Philippines

Сьюзан едва заметно кивнула: - Он требовал, чтобы мы сделали признание… о ТРАНСТЕКСТЕ… это стоило ему… - Признание? - растерянно прервал ее Бринкерхофф.  - Танкадо требует, чтобы мы признали существование ТРАНСТЕКСТА.

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Cumitalptor

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PDF | This article examines available pre-historical, historical, Cebu. City,. Philippines. Philippine. Quarterly. of. Culture. &. Society. Vol.

Floreal S.

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Arno T.

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The culture of the Philippines is a combination of cultures of the East and West.

Folco P.

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Located between the South China Sea and Philippine Sea, the Republic of the Philippines contains a diverse set of landscapes, languages and cultures.

Dexter A.

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Despite a string of largely unsympathetic rulers, the turbulent history of the Phillipines has nonetheless managed to produce a friendly, resilient, family-oriented, deeply religious and artistic population, most of whom are indigenous, Spanish or of mixed heritage.

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