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- Representation and Phenomenalism in the Critique of Pure Reason
- The Palgrave Handbook of German Idealism
- Knowledge, Reason, and Taste
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Access options available:. Kant and the Claims of Knowledge. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, For several years now, Paul Guyer has been publishing articles on what he sees as numerous different strategies pursued by Kant in his attempt to deduce the objective validity of pure categories. In this very long, extremely detailed book, he has brought together the results of much of that work, added to it extensively, and defended at length a comprehensive and highly controversial view of the Deduction. The book has five major parts: on Kant's early views, on the deduction from , on the "principles of empirical knowledge" most of which is devoted to an elaborate reconstruction of the Analogies argument , on the Refutation of Idealism, and on transcendential idealism in general.
Representation and Phenomenalism in the Critique of Pure Reason
In the Critique of Pure Reason Kant argues that space and time are merely formal features of how we perceive objects, not things in themselves that exist independently of us, or properties or relations among them. This entry provides an introduction to the most important Kantian texts, as well as the interpretive and philosophical issues surrounding them. In the first edition A of the Critique of Pure Reason , published in , Kant argues for a surprising set of claims about space, time, and objects:. I understand by the transcendental idealism of all appearances [ Erscheinungen ] the doctrine that they are all together to be regarded as mere representations and not as things in themselves [ nicht als Dinge an sich selbst ansehen ], and accordingly that space and time are only sensible forms of our intuition, but not determinations given for themselves or conditions of objects as things in themselves [ als Dinge an sich selbst ]. Sections 2—6 examine various influential interpretations of transcendental idealism, focusing on their consequences for a — c. Section 7 is devoted more narrowly to the nature of things in themselves, topic b , and the related Kantian notions: noumena , and the transcendental object.
Kant has often been accused of being a phenomenalist, i. I argue against this reading. I offer evidence that Kant does not conceive of representations as mental items and outline an alternative conception of representations. Allais, L. New York: Oxford University Press. Allison, H. Journal of the History of Philosophy, 11 1 , pp.
Brazil carvalho. Kant on the Rationality of Morality. Cambridge University Press, The author argues that Kant derives the fundamental principle and the object of morality from the fundamental principles of reason the law of noncontradiction, of excluded middle and the principle of sufficient reason. I provide an overview of its chapters and discuss some of its main interpretative claims. In his contribution to the Cambridge Elements: The Philosophy of Immanuel Kant series, Paul Guyer contends that Kant derives the fundamental principle of morality in this case, the formulas of the categorical imperative and the object of morality the highest good from the application of the most fundamental principles of reason: the principle of noncontradiction, of sufficient reason, and, to a lesser extent, the principle of excluded middle. The fundamental fact that ought not to be denied by any rational agent - on pain of self-contradiction - is that oneself and others have a free will , in other words, that they have the capacity to freely set and pursue their own ends.
The Palgrave Handbook of German Idealism
Immanuel Kant famously said that he was awoken from his "dogmatic slumbers," and led to question the possibility of metaphysics, by David Hume's doubts about causation. Because of this, many philosophers have viewed Hume's influence on Kant as limited to metaphysics. More recently, some philosophers have questioned whether even Kant's metaphysics was really motivated by Hume. He argues that Kant's entire philosophy--including his moral philosophy, aesthetics, and teleology, as well as his metaphysics--can fruitfully be read as an engagement with Hume.
Immanuel Kant is an 18th century German philosopher whose work initated dramatic changes in the fields of epistemology, metaphysics, ethics, aesthetics, and teleology. Like many Enlightenment thinkers, he holds our mental faculty of reason in high esteem; he believes that it is our reason that invests the world we experience with structure. In his works on aesthetics and teleology, he argues that it is our faculty of judgment that enables us to have experience of beauty and grasp those experiences as part of an ordered, natural world with purpose. After the Introduction, each of the above sections commences with a summary. These will give the reader an idea of what topics are discussed in more detail in each section.
Knowledge, Reason, and Taste
И тогда она вспомнила. Дэвид. Паника заставила Сьюзан действовать. У нее резко запершило в горле, и в поисках выхода она бросилась к двери.
Не волнуйтесь, мадам, - заверил второй агент. - С ним все будет в порядке. Дэвид Беккер смотрел на экран прямо перед. У него кружилась голова, и он едва отдавал себе отчет в происходящем. На экране он видел комнату, в которой царил хаос.
Kant and the Claims of Knowledge. Search within full text Paul Guyer, Brown University, Rhode Island. Publisher: pp i-vi. Access. PDF; Export citation.