Bone Loss And Patterns Of Bone Destruction Pdf

bone loss and patterns of bone destruction pdf

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Tobacco smoking is an independent risk factor for periodontal disease which increases periodontal pocketing, attachment loss, as well as bone loss leading to varied severity and bone destruction in the form of horizontal and vertical patterns. The aim of the present study is to determine and measure the types and severity of bone destruction in chronic periodontitis CP patients with tobacco smoking habit using intraoral periapical IOPA radiographs and transgingival probing. A total of 60 male participants with CP were included in the study.

Patterns of bone destruction in periodontal diseases

In periodontal disease , not only does the bone that supports the teeth, known as alveolar bone , reduce in height in relation to the teeth , but the morphology of the remaining alveolar bone is altered. Generalized bone loss occurs most frequently as horizontal bone loss.

Vertical defects occur adjacent to a tooth and usually in the form of a triangular area of missing bone, known as triangulation. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Philadelphia: W. Saunders Company, Langlais; Craig S. Miller Color Atlas of Common Oral Diseases. Dentistry involving supporting structures of teeth Periodontology.

Chronic periodontitis Localized aggressive periodontitis Generalized aggressive periodontitis Periodontitis as a manifestation of systemic disease Periodontosis Necrotizing periodontal diseases Abscesses of the periodontium Combined periodontic-endodontic lesions.

Debridement Scaling and root planing Full mouth disinfection Full mouth ultrasonic debridement. Apically positioned flap Bone graft Coronally positioned flap Crown lengthening Free gingival graft Gingival grafting Gingivectomy Guided bone regeneration Guided tissue regeneration Enamel matrix derivative Implant placement Lateral pedicle graft Open flap debridement Pocket reduction surgery Socket preservation Sinus lift Subepithelial connective tissue graft Tools Curette Membrane Probe Scaler.

Miller Willoughby D. Miller Carl E. Endodontology Orthodontology Prosthodontology. Categories : Dentistry. Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Download as PDF Printable version. Add links. Diagnoses Chronic periodontitis Localized aggressive periodontitis Generalized aggressive periodontitis Periodontitis as a manifestation of systemic disease Periodontosis Necrotizing periodontal diseases Abscesses of the periodontium Combined periodontic-endodontic lesions.

Conventional therapy Debridement Scaling and root planing Full mouth disinfection Full mouth ultrasonic debridement.

Patterns of bone destruction in periodontal diseases

By Ashish Jain, Neeta V. Gender-based heterogeneity in periodontal disease has been witnessed in the recent past with huge mounting evidence. The composite effect of sex-based genetic structure and the sex steroid hormones runs in line with the corresponding gender-related differences in risk for chronic periodontitis. Since estrogens, the predominant sex hormones in women, show immune protective and anti-inflammatory effects in hormonally active premenopausal women, they show better periodontal status compared to age-matched men. Conversely, after menopause with a weakening estrogen signal, women may show an equal or even more serious periodontal status compared to men. Periodontal status of postmenopausal women may be improved by menopausal hormone therapy. Alveolar bone loss, an irreversible sign of past periodontal disease activity can be easily observed on radiographs in an objective manner.

Bone destruction patterns in periodontal disease

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Stefan A. Alveolar bone loss is a hallmark of periodontitis progression and its prevention is a key clinical challenge in periodontal disease treatment. Bone destruction is mediated by the host immune and inflammatory response to the microbial challenge. However, the mechanisms by which the local immune response against periodontopathic bacteria disturbs the homeostatic balance of bone formation and resorption in favour of bone loss remain to be established. The pathogenic processes of destructive inflammatory periodontal diseases are instigated by subgingival plaque microflora and factors such as lipopolysaccharides derived from specific pathogens.

Microbial etiology of periodontal diseases is well established, but the present data strongly suggest an equally important role of host immune response in the pathogenesis of periodontal diseases. The initial response to bacterial infection is a local inflammatory reaction that activates the innate immune system, causing the release of an array of cytokines and other mediators and propagation of inflammation through the gingival tissues 1, 2. Due to initiation of bacterial and host immune interaction, destruction of periodontal connective tissue results which continues until the source of infection, i.

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In periodontal disease , not only does the bone that supports the teeth, known as alveolar bone , reduce in height in relation to the teeth , but the morphology of the remaining alveolar bone is altered.

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tooth loss. Bone Loss and Patterns of Bone Destruction. Density and height of bone Bone destruction caused by extension of gingival inflammation. Chronic.

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