File Name: political social and legal implication of ipm .zip
The lockdown in the wake of COVID has disrupted all economic activities including agriculture throughout the globe. Though the annual growth of Indian agriculture has been 3. To strengthen agricultural economics research for providing economically viable, socially-acceptable and environmentally-feasible policy options for science-led agricultural growth.
- Integrated pest management
- Benefits of IPM
- IPM in developing countries: the danger of an ideal
- Legislative and policy limits to successful integrated pest management in Canada's forests
Integrated pest management
This paper examines the evolution of integrated pest management IPM into the dominant paradigm in crop protection. The driving forces behind the development and adoption of IPM are explored and the conditions under which successful IPM has been practised are outlined. Repeated calls for the adoption of IPM in international agricultural research, extension and resource-poor farming are questioned in respect of claims made by IPM proponents. When examined, it becomes apparent that IPM per se is not a panacea for solving the problems faced by resource-poor farmers. Further investigation into the social, political, economic and ecological parameters associated with the development and implementation of IPM shows that is can work under certain conditions. However, the situation of most resource-poor farmers does not match the necessary criteria for the implemetation of IPM programmes.
Metrics details. The global malaria situation, especially in Africa, and the problems frequently encountered in chemical control of vectors such as insecticide resistance, emphasize the urgency of research, development and implementation of new vector control technologies that are applicable at regional and local levels. The successful application of the sterile insect technique SIT for the control of the New World screwworm Cochliomyia hominivorax and several species of fruit flies has given impetus to the use of this method for suppression or elimination of malaria vectors in some areas of Africa including Northern State of Sudan. The research and development phase of the Northern State feasibility study has been started. Sudanese stakeholders are working side-by-side with the International Atomic Energy Agency in the activities of this important phase. Several ethical, legal and social issues associated with this approach arose during this phase of the project. They need to be seriously considered and handled with care.
Benefits of IPM
Universiti Pertanian Malaysia was established in as a result of the merger between the College of Agriculture, Malaya and the Faculty of Agriculture, University of Malaya. Data provider:. Perpustakaan Sultan Abdul Samad. Lookup at Google Scholar. Political, social and perceptual aspects of integrated pest management programmes. Intergrated pest management IPM can be shown to be the best mix of available tactics for a given pest problem by comparison with the yield, profit and safety of alternative mixes.
IPM in developing countries: the danger of an ideal
Integrated pest management IPM is a valuable tool for reducing pesticide use and for pesticide resistance management. We first describe the complexity of crop pest management and how various social actors influence grower decision making, including adoption of IPM. Second, we discuss how crop pest management fits the definition of an SES, including such factors as scale, dynamic complexities, critical resources, and important social—ecological interactions.
An integrated pest management IPM approach integrates preventive and corrective measures to keep pests from causing significant problems, with minimum risk or hazard to humans and desirable components of their environment. IPM is a flexible, dynamic strategy, which needs updating periodically as information is received from management practice results. IPM programs have proven a track record of significantly reducing the risks and related to pesticides, while improving quality, health and welfare of the environment.
Legislative and policy limits to successful integrated pest management in Canada's forests
Integrated pest management IPM , also known as integrated pest control IPC is a broad-based approach that integrates practices for economic control of pests. The UN's Food and Agriculture Organization defines IPM as "the careful consideration of all available pest control techniques and subsequent integration of appropriate measures that discourage the development of pest populations and keep pesticides and other interventions to levels that are economically justified and reduce or minimize risks to human health and the environment. IPM emphasizes the growth of a healthy crop with the least possible disruption to agro-ecosystems and encourages natural pest control mechanisms. The introduction and spread of invasive species can also be managed with IPM by reducing risks while maximizing benefits and reducing costs. Shortly after World War II, when synthetic insecticides became widely available, entomologists in California developed the concept of "supervised insect control". Under this scheme, insect control was "supervised" by qualified entomologists and insecticide applications were based on conclusions reached from periodic monitoring of pest and natural-enemy populations. This was viewed as an alternative to calendar-based programs.