File Name: list of human diseases and their causes .zip
This is a list of infectious diseases arranged by name, along with the infectious agents that cause them. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Spectrum of Mycoses.
Pathogens are organisms that can cause disease. The different types of pathogens and the severity of the diseases that they cause are very diverse. In this article, we look at different pathogens, how they affect people, and the diseases they cause. We also explain how pathogens spread and how to reduce the risk of infection.
Bacterial disease , any of a variety of illnesses caused by bacteria. Until the midth century, bacterial pneumonia was probably the leading cause of death among the elderly. Improved sanitation, vaccines , and antibiotics have all decreased the mortality rates from bacterial infections, though antibiotic-resistant strains have caused a resurgence in some illnesses. In the early 21st century, tuberculosis , which is caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis —several strains of which had developed resistance to one or more drugs widely used to treat the infection—was among the deadliest infectious diseases worldwide. Bacteria cause disease by secreting or excreting toxins as in botulism , by producing toxins internally, which are released when the bacteria disintegrate as in typhoid , or by inducing sensitivity to their antigenic properties as in tuberculosis. Other serious bacterial diseases include cholera , diphtheria , bacterial meningitis , tetanus , Lyme disease , gonorrhea , and syphilis.
Foodborne illness is caused by consuming contaminated foods or beverages. Many different disease-causing microbes or pathogens can contaminate foods, so there are many different types of foodborne illnesses. Most foodborne diseases are infections caused by a variety of bacteria, viruses, and parasites. Other diseases are poisonings caused by harmful toxins or chemicals that have contaminated food. Of note many foodborne pathogens also can be acquired through recreational or drinking water, from contact with animals or their environment, or through person-to-person spread. Please report your suspected foodborne illness to the Minnesota Department of Health. Complete this free online training and the Minnesota Department of Health will provide certification that your venue has learned about these issues.
Diseases & Conditions A-Z Index
A communicable disease is a disease that spreads from one person or animal to another. Pathogens such as viruses, bacteria, and fungi cause these diseases. A communicable disease is any disease that passes between people or animals. A person may develop a communicable disease after becoming infected by the pathogen. This may happen through:. The individual may then begin to experience symptoms.
Infectious diseases can be caused by many pathogens, including bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites that may cause illness and disease. For humans, transmission of pathogens may occur in a variety of ways: spread from person-to-person by direct contact, water or foodborne illness or aerosolization of infected particles in the environment and through insects mosquitoes and ticks. Anyone can get an infectious disease. Those at higher risk include:. Infectious diseases are extremely common worldwide.
Infectious diseases are disorders that are caused by organisms, usually microscopic in size, such as bacteria, viruses, fungi, or parasites that are passed, directly or indirectly, from one person to another. Humans can also become infected following exposure to an infected animal that harbors a pathogenic organism that is capable of infecting humans. Infectious diseases are a leading cause of death worldwide, particularly in low income countries, especially in young children. Three infectious diseases were ranked in the top ten causes of death worldwide in by the World Health Organization.
List of Human Diseases
The word disease implies that dis-ease not easy. In other words malfunctioning or improper functioning of various body parts like genetic disorder, hormonal imbalance, malfunctioning of immune system of body are some factors which affects the human health. The diseases caused by intrinsic sources are called organic or metabolic diseases like cardiac failure, kidney failure, diabetes, allergies, cancer etc and the diseases caused by extrinsic factors are Kwashiorkor, obesity, Night blindness, scurvy etc. Types of Diseases: On the basis of its nature, character and causes of its spreadness is of two types:. Congenital Disease is the diseases which are present since birth. These are caused due to genetic abnormality or due to metabolic disorders or malfunctioning of any organ.
Learn about acute lymphoblastic leukaemia, a cancer of the white blood cells. Around three out of four childhood leukaemia cases are acute lymphoblastic. Learn more about acute myeloid leukaemia, an overproduction of myeloid white blood cells. Information about acute myeloid leukaemia, a type of blood cancer that can affect young people.
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