Civil War And Reconstruction Test Pdf

civil war and reconstruction test pdf

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Union Victory and National Tragedy. Crowds gathered on the muddy Capitol grounds while ceremonies marking the start of a new Congress took place in the Senate Chamber. Following the inauguration of Vice President Andrew Johnson and the swearing in of senators, all proceeded through the Rotunda to the eastern portico of the Capitol.

The Civil War, Emancipation, and Reconstruction on the World Stage

Reconstruction Essay. The essay below was a very strong essay answering the question about Reconstruction. It was an actual essay word for word written by one of the students in class.

It received This was a great essay; about the only comment I would write was that the thesis in the introduction could have been a little more direct:. As a country, America has gone though many political changes throughout her lifetime.

Leaders have come and gone, all of them having different objectives and plans for the future. One such movement was Reconstruction. Reconstruction was a time period in America consisting of many leaders, goals and accomplishments. Though, like all things in life, it did come to an end, the resulting outcome has been labeled both a success and a failure.

When Reconstruction began in , a broken America had just finished fighting the Civil War. In all respects, Reconstruction was mainly just that.

It was the point where America attempted to become a full running country once more. This, though, was not an easy task. The south was virtually non-existent politically or economically, and searching desperately for a way back in.

Along with these things, now living amongst the population were almost four million former slaves, who had no idea how to make a living on their own. They had been freed by the 13th amendment in , and in the future became a great concern to many political leaders. Still, it was no secret that something had to be done. So, as usually happens, political leaders appeared on the stage, each holding their own plan of Reconstruction, each certain their ideas were the correct ones.

One of the first people who came up with a blueprint for Reconstruction was the president at the time, Abraham Lincoln. To rejoin, a state had to have ten percent of voters both accept the emancipation of slaves and swear loyalty to the union.

Also, those high ranking officers of the state could not hold office or carry out voting rights unless the president said so.

Well, sadly enough, Honest Abe was assassinated at Fords Theatre on April 14th, , before he could put his plan to the test. After his death, several other political leaders emerged with plans in hand. These men were of the Republican Party, and they called themselves Radicals.

First, they were mad at the south, blaming them for the Civil War that had just ended. Ergo, they wanted to punish them and make them pay. Secondly, they wanted to help all of the near four million slaves who were now free men after the war.

There were three main Radical Republican leaders. Thaddeus Stevens was a very political man, holding a place in the House of Representatives. His main concern was the economic opportunity for slaves.

Thinking almost on these same lines was Charles Sumner. He was a senator who fought mainly for political rights for African Americans, as well as for their citizenship.

Well, for men that is. Finally there was President Andrew Johnson. In Andrew Johnson was impeached. All though he was not removed from office at this time, he was basically without authority.

It was at this point that Congress really stepped in with their own plan of Reconstruction. The Reconstruction Act finally passed by congress had two main points to it. First, troops were required to move in and take up residence in the confederate states of the south. Secondly, any state that wanted back into the union was only allowed to do so when and if they changed their 14th amendment. They had to agree that all men born in the U. Later, in , black men were also granted the vote…but this would come later.

Now, the Reconstruction Act looked really good on paper, but as usually happens in politics somebody rocked the boat. The shake up took place in the presidential election. In the end, the result was the Compromise of In this compromise, Hayes was declared the winner, and this was agreed on by both parties.

The real kicker was the other stipulation, though. The military occupation of the southern states was put to an end. No big deal, right? Without military force to back them up, the freed slaves living down there were without safety.

There was nothing to keep the southerners from taking advantage of the freed men, and this is exactly what they did. So, even though protection laws were in place, they did little good with nobody to enforce them.

At this point Reconstruction ended. Since the time it began people have been debating that question. Personally, I believe it is a toss-up. Still, at least laws were being created to protect African American rights. I mean, they were now formally known as citizens, and were given the right to vote. Though not a huge leap, it was a major step. Without Reconstruction and the 14th and 15th amendments, another group may have never got the courage to fight for their rights.

This group is women. Many suffrage leaders would later look at this point in African American history as a hopeful sign that they, too, might someday be recognized. So, was Reconstruction a success? It was a success with exceptions.

This was a great essay; about the only comment I would write was that the thesis in the introduction could have been a little more direct: As a country, America has gone though many political changes throughout her lifetime.

civil war and reconstruction test

Civil War. Comparing the effects of the Civil War on American national identity Our mission is to provide a free, world-class education to anyone, anywhere. Khan Academy is a c 3 nonprofit organization. Chickamauga Civil War battle where the Union wins control of an important railroad center near Chattanooga, Tennessee. From a general summary to chapter summaries to explanations of famous quotes, the SparkNotes Reconstruction — Study Guide has everything you need to ace quizzes, tests, and essays. Race and the novel in contemporary culture.

The Civil War: The Senate's Story

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