Mechanistic And Organic Structures Of Organizations Pdf

mechanistic and organic structures of organizations pdf

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Some businesses are more suited to a hierarchical structure that adheres to rigid guidelines and procedures, while others benefit greatly from a structure that allows for free-flowing ideas and linear communication styles.

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Mechanistic Organization vs. Organic Organization

For details on it including licensing , click here. This book is licensed under a Creative Commons by-nc-sa 3. See the license for more details, but that basically means you can share this book as long as you credit the author but see below , don't make money from it, and do make it available to everyone else under the same terms. This content was accessible as of December 29, , and it was downloaded then by Andy Schmitz in an effort to preserve the availability of this book. Normally, the author and publisher would be credited here. However, the publisher has asked for the customary Creative Commons attribution to the original publisher, authors, title, and book URI to be removed.

The organizational design of a company establishes the hierarchy, the workflow and corporate culture of a company. Organic organization is compared to the mechanistic structure with stark differences between the two. Organic structur e is a decentralized approach, whereas mechanistic structure is a centralized approach. Both have positives and negatives, as to how the company culture develops and executes the mission and vision of the organization. The organic organization structure is said to be flat, meaning that there isn't a typical pyramid of leadership flowing from the lower level workers up to senior management. Often, there are often a lot of employees that work in horizontal clusters, rather than invertical clusters. From an organizational chart perspective, the goal is to create a more homogeneous culture of employees via decentralized management roles.

Managing mechanistic and organic structure in health care organizations

Skip to search form Skip to main content You are currently offline. Some features of the site may not work correctly. Lunenburg Published Sociology. Mechanistic and organic organizations are opposite ends of a continuum of organizational structure possibilities. Mechanistic organizations are efficient, rigid, predictable, and standardized organizations. Specifically, mechanistic organizations are characterized by a rigid hierarchy; high levels of formalization; a heavy reliance on rules, policies, and procedures; vertical specialization; centralized decision making; downward communication flows; and narrowly defined tasks. Save to Library.

For the most part, mechanistic organization is applied to most all business structures but is predominant in manufacturing while organic organization is best applied to businesses that apply a more open business structure such as online business platforms. It is characterized by its 1 highly centralized authority, 2 formalized procedures and practices, and 3 specialized functions. Mechanistic organization is relatively easier and simpler to organize, but rapid change is very challenging. Contrast to organic organization. There is a definite chain of command and decisions are kept as high up the chain as possible. Communication is a process between managers and supervisors up to executives, there is little daily interaction if any.


Mechanistic was one polar extreme of an organizational structure, as opposed to the other polar extreme of organizational structure known as the.


Organic Structure of Organizational Design

Some of those structures are very strict and hierarchal, like the bureaucratic model, and some of the structures, like boundaryless, are pretty loose and free-wheeling. They all have their advantages and disadvantages. When managers combine the basic components and elements of an organizational structure together, the result has certain characteristics that are best understood by looking at it through the lens of organic and mechanistic organizations. Organic organizations have a low degree of formality, specialization and standardization.

Mechanistic Organic Individual specialization: Employees work separately and specialize in one task Joint Specialization: Employees work together and coordinate tasks Simple integrating mechanisms: Hierarchy of authority well-defined Complex integrating mechanisms: task forces and teams are primary integrating mechanisms Centralization: Decision-making kept as high as possible. Most communication is vertical. Decentralization: Authority to control tasks is delegated. Work process tends to be unpredictable Much written communication Much verbal communication Informal status in org based on size of empire Informal status based on perceived brilliance Organization is a network of positions, corresponding to tasks. Typically each person corresponds to one task Organization is network of persons or teams.

Organic vs Mechanistic Structures

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