File Name: advantages and disadvantages of devolution of power in zimbabwe .zip
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- Devolution and its benefits for Zim
- Unitary state
- A Case for Decentralization in Zimbabwe’s local government system: Challenges and Opportunities
A unitary state is a state governed as a single entity in which the central government is ultimately supreme. Unitary states stand in contrast with federations , also known as federal states. In unitary states, the central government may create or abolish administrative divisions sub-national units.
AS the much-awaited constitutional outreach programme finally kicks-off, one thematic area that looks set to dominate the public hearings is that of systems of governance, particularly the decentralisation of administration and devolution of power from Harare to regions or provinces. Virtually every party claims to support devolution. This could be due to lack of understanding of what devolution really is, or the usual pretence and lack of sincerity by politicians. The only commonality across the various party positions on systems of governance is that after years of a unitary, centralised state, now is the time to decentralise.
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In the post-independence epoch the expectation was that the new majority government would address the centralization of governance which was motivated by racial imbalances. However, decentralization was not achieved as local government was not recognized in the Lancaster House Constitution adopted at independence in For years this allowed the central government to control all the local government structures in the country.
The relationship between local governments and the central government became bitter and tense after the formation of a formidable opposition, MDC, which has been controlling most urban local authorities since its formation. The Constitution has not improved things either as the central government has not been willing to implement the new law to its latter and spirit. In all this it is the citizens who have been bearing the brunt as there has been poor service delivery owing to the bad relationship between the center and local structures.
The study found out that if decentralization is fully implemented in Zimbabwe it has the potential of bringing efficient and effective service delivery, citizen participation, democracy and accountability in the local government system.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4. Services for Science and Education, United Kingdom. Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer. Keywords: Decentralization, local government, service delivery, accountability, democracy.
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New York: McGraw-Hill Muchadenyika D The inevitable devolution in Zimbabwe: from constitution-making to the future. Nash, S. Majekodunmi, A. Lipsey, R. Economics, Oxford University Press. Makanyeza, C. Bovaird, T. International Review of Administrative Sciences, 69 3 , — Chukwuemeka, E. An International Multidisciplinary Journal, Ethiopia.
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Devolution and its benefits for Zim
The devolution of governmental powers and resources has always been a contested subject in Zimbabwe, as it has been in many other countries. The controversies that characterised the adoption of devolution have continued to shape or impede its implementation since , when the new Constitution of Zimbabwe was adopted. The new administration of President Emmerson Mnangagwa has signalled that it will implement devolution during the government term. The nature of the devolution to be implemented however remains unclear. This paper interrogates the constitutional provisions regarding, and the emerging debates about, devolution in Zimbabwe.
Not a MyNAP member yet? Register for a free account to start saving and receiving special member only perks. Africa's continuing reliance on foreign aid has increased the opportunities for bilateral and multilateral aid agencies to influence policy making in the region. The major donors have been meeting frequently in order to discuss development and debt problems and to devise aid strategies for African governments. In turn, foreign aid has increasingly been linked to a set of prescriptions for changes in both economic and political policies pursued by African governments. The so-called new world order also has had significant effects on African governments.
When a part of the work is entrusted to others, it is known as delegation. Decentralisation extends to the lowest level of the organisation. Thus, decentralisation is concerned with the decentralisation of decision-making authority to the lower levels in managerial hierarchy. So, the degree of decentralisation is determined by the authority given.
Devolution of power in Zimbabwe's new constitutional order: Opportunities and potential constraints. Many countries in sub-Saharan Africa have adopted constitutions which legislate different forms of decentralisation for their governance structures and systems. This currency and desirability for decentralisation is built on a consensus of African governments, international development agencies and civil society organisations that see it as a democratic system of government which advances citizen participation in human development.
Most people do not know that the concept of devolution is different from decentralization. Responding to a question by one of the participants, Prof Makumbe said people must understand that devolution is only a component of the four aspects that make up decentralization. The other three are deconcentration, delegated power and privatization.
A Case for Decentralization in Zimbabwe’s local government system: Challenges and Opportunities
In the post-independence epoch the expectation was that the new majority government would address the centralization of governance which was motivated by racial imbalances. However, decentralization was not achieved as local government was not recognized in the Lancaster House Constitution adopted at independence in For years this allowed the central government to control all the local government structures in the country. The relationship between local governments and the central government became bitter and tense after the formation of a formidable opposition, MDC, which has been controlling most urban local authorities since its formation. The Constitution has not improved things either as the central government has not been willing to implement the new law to its latter and spirit.
Most countries are experimenting with or contemplating some form of education decentralization. The process transfers decision-making powers from central Ministries of Education to intermediate governments, local governments, communities, and schools. The extent of the transfer varies, however, from administrative deconcentration to much broader transfer of financial control to the regional or local level. While there are solid theoretical justifications for decentralizing education systems, the process requires strong political commitment and leadership in order to succeed. The path, depth, and ultimately, the outcome of decentralization reforms depend on the motivations for reforms, the initial country and sector conditions, and the interaction of various important coalitions within the sector.