Prevention And Control Of Vector Borne Diseases Pdf

prevention and control of vector borne diseases pdf

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The Global Threat of Emergent/Re-emergent Vector-Borne Diseases

Published on 02 December Modified on 04 December downloads. Published on 13 October Modified on 12 March downloads. Published on 04 December Modified on 12 April downloads. The purpose of this document is to standardize the development of specifications for major equipment used to apply pesticides for control of vectors.

The specification guidelines provided herein are also intended to assist national authorities in selecting equipment of assured quality used to apply pesticides for vector control activities. Published on 05 June Modified on 05 June downloads. The Global vector control response — provides strategic guidance to countries and development partners for urgent strengthening of vector control as a fundamental approach to preventing disease and responding to outbreaks. To achieve this requires re-alignment of vector control programmes, supported by increased technical capacity, improved infrastructure, strengthened monitoring and surveillance systems, and greater community mobilization.

Published on 12 April Modified on 12 April downloads. Published on 09 May Modified on 28 October downloads. Pesticide procurement is a highly specialized and complex subject. Expertise is required to ensure that appropriate high-quality pesticide products are procured rapidly, effi ciently, economically and in a fair and transparent manner.

It also requires the existence of national policies and guidelines, with clear and transparent procedures supported by appropriate legal provisions and controls. Published on 03 December Modified on 13 June downloads.

Objectives: This document focuses on making recommendations for the diagnosis and treatment of Chagas disease, an infection caused by Trypanosoma cruzi, the protozoan agent of a systemic parasitic disease. Methodology: These clinical practice guidelines were prepared following the WHO handbook for guideline development 5.

Published on 18 April Modified on 18 April downloads. Insecticide resistance monitoring is an essential part of entomological surveillance. Together with information on adult mosquito density, larval and pupal indices, ecology and habitats, and efficacy of vector control interventions, appropriate responses to prevent and control Zika virus and other mosquitoborne viruses can be developed.

Published on 18 December Modified on 18 April downloads. Published on 04 December Modified on 18 April downloads. This is the sixth edition of a guide to the use of chemical methods for control of vectors and pests of public health importance.

It provides staff involved in operational vector control programmes with practical information on the safe and effective use of pesticides as well as information on the use of chemicals for individual and household protection from insect and rodent pests.

This guide provides information on how to control flying insect pests and vectors of diseases by applying insecticides as space treatments. Space treatments are usually designed to provide a rapid knock-down and mortality with little or no residual effect. Such treatments must be considered in conjunction with other control methods as part of an integrated vector management programme. Space spraying provides a rapid method of control in emergency or epidemic situations and may be used for seasonal control of flying insect pests or vectors.

Published on 04 December Modified on 04 December downloads. Published on 18 September Modified on 18 April downloads. Published on 30 August Modified on 28 January downloads.

Published on 18 February Modified on 18 April downloads. Published on 20 July Modified on 28 January downloads. Folder Guides: Vector Control.

Vectors: Integrated Management and Public Health Entomology: Scientific and technical materials

NCBI Bookshelf. Vector-borne plant and animal diseases, including several newly recognized pathogens, reduce agricultural productivity and disrupt ecosystems throughout the world. These diseases profoundly restrict socioeconomic status and development in countries with the highest rates of infection, many of which are located in the tropics and subtropics. From the perspective of infectious diseases, vectors are the transmitters of disease-causing organisms; that is, they carry pathogens from one host to another. Vectors of human disease are typically species of mosquitoes and ticks that are able to transmit viruses, bacteria, or parasites to humans and other warm-blooded hosts.

Published on 02 December Modified on 04 December downloads. Published on 13 October Modified on 12 March downloads. Published on 04 December Modified on 12 April downloads. The purpose of this document is to standardize the development of specifications for major equipment used to apply pesticides for control of vectors. The specification guidelines provided herein are also intended to assist national authorities in selecting equipment of assured quality used to apply pesticides for vector control activities. Published on 05 June Modified on 05 June downloads.

Introductory Chapter: Vector-Borne Diseases

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Risk communication RC is an essential tool for the prevention and control of diseases as it impacts risk perception, increases awareness and might change behaviour. It is the interactive exchange of information about risks among experts and people. Effective RC can minimize the impact that diseases such as dengue, chikungunya and Zika have on populations. In addition, the Social Amplification of Risk Framework and the theory of cultural schemas were applied to understand RC in the social context. Television, radio and newspapers were the most important channels of information regarding dengue and chikungunya.

Vector Biology, Ecology and Control pp Cite as.

Optimal control of vector-borne diseases: Treatment and prevention

Intersectoral collaboration in the context of the prevention and control of vector-borne diseases has been broadly described in both the literature and the current global strategy by the World Health Organization. Our aim was to develop a framework that will distill the currently known multiple models of collaboration. Qualitative content analysis and logic modeling of data abstracted from 69 studies included in a scoping review done by the authors were used to develop 9 recommendation statements that summarized the composition and attributes of multisectoral approaches, which were then subjected to a modified Delphi process with 6 experts in the fields of health policy and infectious diseases.

Vector-borne diseases are infections transmitted by the bite of infected arthropod species, such as mosquitoes, ticks, triatomine bugs, sandflies, and blackflies. Arthropod vectors are cold-blooded ectothermic and thus especially sensitive to climatic factors. Weather influences survival and reproduction rates of vectors, in turn influencing habitat suitability, distribution and abundance; intensity and temporal pattern of vector activity particularly biting rates throughout the year; and rates of development, survival and reproduction of pathogens within vectors.

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