Similarities Between Economic Growth And Economic Development Pdf

similarities between economic growth and economic development pdf

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Economic Development vs. Economic Growth

We have started our discussion of development by addressing very broad issues relating to the concept of development. However, much of the literature and thinking about 'development' focuses on economics. Indeed 'development' and 'economic development' have often been treated as synonymous concepts. The economic development of a country or society is usually associated with amongst other things rising incomes and related increases in consumption , savings, and investment. Of course, there is far more to economic development than income growth; for if income distribution is highly skewed, growth may not be accompanied by much progress towards the goals that are usually associated with economic development. What characteristics are typically associated with economic development?

Development economics

The key parameters of economic growth in any economy are its Gross Domestic Product GDP and gross national product which helps in measuring the actual size of an economy. For example, we say the GDP of India is 2. It shows how much the production of goods and services has increased compared to last year in a quantitative manner. It has many parameters to measure and few of them are as below:. Economic development projects a broader picture of an economy which takes into account an increase in production level or output of an economy along with an improvement in the living standard of its citizens.

Difference Between Economic Growth and Economic Development

This overview considers the past, the present, and the future of economic development. It begins with the conceptualization, definition, and measurement of economic development, highlighting that a narrow focus on the economic is inadequate to capture development and even, paradoxically, economic development itself. Key aspects of economic and human development over the past seven decades are then outlined, and the current landscape is described. The paper then considers the future of economic development, highlighting the challenges faced by developing countries, especially the opportunities and risks provided by the recent downward global trend in the share of labor in overall economic activity.

It can be measured as a percentage increase in real gross domestic product. Where a gross domestic product GDP is adjusted by inflation. Economic Development is the process focusing on both qualitative and quantitative growth of the economy. It measures all the aspects which include people in a country become wealthier, healthier, better educated, and have greater access to good quality housing.

Before addressing the question of what are the stages of economic development, it is useful to focus first on the main difference between economic growth and economic development. Obviously, sustained economic growth typically implies economic development, but most development economists nevertheless use the two terms differently. Economic growth typically refers to an increase in gross domestic product GDP , while economic development typically refers to a structural transformation, mostly of the economy. Unlike the stages of economic growth which were proposed in by economist Walt Rostow as five basic stages: traditional society, preconditions for take-off, take-off, drive to maturity, and age of high mass consumption , there exists no clear definition for the stages of economic development.

What are the Stages of Economic Development?

Development economics is a branch of economics which deals with economic aspects of the development process in low income countries. Its focus is not only on methods of promoting economic development , economic growth and structural change but also on improving the potential for the mass of the population, for example, through health, education and workplace conditions, whether through public or private channels. Development economics involves the creation of theories and methods that aid in the determination of policies and practices and can be implemented at either the domestic or international level. Unlike in many other fields of economics, approaches in development economics may incorporate social and political factors to devise particular plans. The earliest Western theory of development economics was mercantilism , which developed in the 17th century, paralleling the rise of the nation state. Earlier theories had given little attention to development.

Readers Question: What is the difference between growth and development? Can a country experience economic growth without development? Economic growth measures an increase in Real GDP real output. It basically measures the total volume of goods and services produced in an economy. Development looks at a wider range of statistics than just GDP per capita. Development is concerned with how people are actually affected.

Economic Growth is a narrower concept than economic development. It is an increase in a country's real level of national output which can be caused by an increase in the quality of resources by education etc. Economic Growth can be measured by an increase in a country's GDP gross domestic product. Economic development is a normative concept i. The definition of economic development given by Michael Todaro is an increase in living standards, improvement in self-esteem needs and freedom from oppression as well as a greater choice.


Economic Growth is the increase in the real output of the country in a particular span of time. Whereas, Economic Development is the increase in the level of production in an economy along enrichment of living standards and the advancement of technology.


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