Fl Studio Mixing And Mastering Tutorial Pdf

fl studio mixing and mastering tutorial pdf

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Published: 01.05.2021

You can master your track within your DAW and even with the stock plugins. From the beginning, I want to establish that this article applies to my preferences. Surely you know other ways to master your tracks, so do not expect an exact recipe. Export your finished track , make sure you export it in Wav format.

Mastering in FL Studio – 8 Steps To Master a Song in FL Studio

I've been producing for upwards to 3 years using FL Studio exclusively so I've amassed a lot of shortcuts and knowledge on the software.

Tie that together with some music theory knowledge and you can bang out awesome beats in minutes. I'm writing this book for any aspiring producers that use Fruity Loops and want to start creating better music quickly.

It covers all of the things I've learned over the years including how to mix, master, common patterns, workflow hacks and more. Enjoy reading and leave a review afterwards if you have time. Chapter 1: Creating Chords On Easy Mode Some of the best producers right now specifically in hip hop barely even touch a piano or keyboard because they understand the secrets to creating chords. They are an arrangement of numbers that you co-ordinate onto the FL Studio piano roll.

Below is an example of how you could create a C minor chord. I created this minor chord by starting on C5 or middle C as some would call it and placing a note on the 3rd and 7th notes above it. Remember that minor chords tends to sound more emotional and sad while major chords are bright and happy. This doesn't mean with the right notes you couldn't make a minor chord sound happy or a major chord sound sad though. For a rule of thumb though, minor is sad and major is happy.

Now if I wanted to create a major chord on the other hand, the code would be as seen below. Learning scales and chords will transform your music production. If you can play in key, you're ahead of many other producers instantly. Before I touch on understanding scales, here are some chord codes you can utilize when you're making beats. Chapter 2: Mixing A track that isn't mixed properly is going to sound distorted and muddy. Certain instruments and elements won't be heard as well as they should be and overall it lowers the quality of your music.

Mixing is a balancing act that changes depending on exactly what you want and also the genre of music you make. We will be mostly focusing on hip hop in this book but it will translate easily to other styles of producing. Mixing with FL Studio is easy once you understand the key concepts.

It normally should happen after you've already laid out the beat for the most part and structured it. This means you have an intro, chorus, verse, bridge, etc placed on the playlist window. To begin mixing your beat, we will need to insert every instrument into its own mixer track.

The first step is to double click the select button on your channel rack. They will then all be highlighted green. Next open up the mixer window and right click the first insert and route all of the selected to channels to their own track. This is going to enable us to start tweaking and adding effects to every individual element of the beat.

Everything from adding reverb, carving out EQ, panning, volume and more will be at our disposal to manipulate. The overall goal of mixing is to usually even all of elements of your beat out so everything can be heard. On the flipside, maybe you want a certain instrument or VST to be pushed to the back or however you are envisioning it. The mixer has everything you need to accomplish this. You can begin adding effects to individual mixer channels by selecting the slot on the right side and adding whatever plugin you want.

For example you may want to increase the bass of an kick so you raise it in that area a small amount. Below is an example of how I used this plugin to boost the kick I inserted to channel 1 around the hZ mark. Kicks normally operate within the low bass, bass, and low mid sections you can see on the top heading. Clicking the tokens that are labelled 1 through 7 works just as well.

Since the snare is a very common instrument I'd also like to touch on how you can EQ one properly. Normally most producers think that snares are exclusively mid and high end frequencies but they usually have a nice low end too you can boost. Don't over do it or you may not hear other low-end instruments as well.

Last but not least I would also like to touch on how to brighten up your hi-hats since they are also a very often used instrument. With your hi-hat routed to a mixer insert, insert Fruity Parametric EQ 2 into the first effect slot and raise the 7th token up 2dB. You can also dial it back more towards the 6th token so you raise more of the high end.

A crucial component of mixing properly is panning and stereo separation. This is the practice of having different elements sounding like they are being playing from a different direction. Below you can see on the mixer where you can manipulate panning and stereo separation.

The panning knob is very simple, if you move it to the right, the sound comes from the right. If you move it to the left, the sound comes from the left. Try it with your own beat and you'll hear it for yourself. Now with the stereo separation knob underneath, you either are merging it or separating it. Kicks and bass always want to be merged, which means you drag it all the way to the right.

If you want a pad, chords or a harmonic like that to be wider and heard from both sides you would drag it to the left. Once you try this out for yourself you'll understand. It's very needed for kicks and bass to make them hit way harder. The volume control of every mixer insert will also need some tweaking. Whatever you want to be in the forefront of your beat you will of course want to keep at a higher volume.

Usually this means kicks, bass and snares in hip hop beats. Percussion in general you'll want very audible but the melody, synth and elements like that can be lowered. In hip hop the drums are always going to have most of your attention. A basic way to level our your sounds once they are all inserted into the mixer is to drop them all down so they are not audible:.

Next, one by one start bringing up the harmonics melody, chords, etc , then the hats and percussion. Your harmonics should hit approximately dB when all playing together. This keeps them at a healthy level. Afterwords bring up your kick and bass until they are hitting around 0dB. Balance it out with your own ear and how you'd like it personally to sound. This is more of a rule of thumb to follow when you first get into mixing. Just by understanding how to send all of your instruments to the mixer, EQ them, pan them and adjust their volume will improve your beats a lot.

Reverb is good if you want a more spacey feeling around certain instruments or more realism. Before you go to master your track after this, it's wise to turn down your master volume 6dB which creates some room to make it louder.

You will understand in the next chapter when I show you how some simple mastering techniques. Chapter 3: Common Sequencer Patterns This is a cheat book after all so it's only necessary I include some common patterns that are popular in songs you probably listen to yourself. Try these out in some of your beats and I guarantee you'll hear a difference.

As simple as it gets and if you listen to any hip hop, pop music or in- between then you've heard this. Some times they don't even add any hi-hat rolls, it's literally just hitting every 2 steps. Typical Clap Bounce. Claps add a great bounce to your tracks and above is a very common way to do it. You place the clap on the first step of every other grey set of steps. When you lay down a melody, put the 2 step hi-hat in and this bounce, suddenly your head is already nodding to the beat.

Typical Snare Bounce. In between your claps you can add a snare at the positions you see above. Listen to your favourite rap songs and there's probably this exact bounce being used. It has gotten repetitive to the point that producers have begun swapping out snares and claps for other percussion like rimshots for example. Murda Beatz is a prime example of this. Chapter 4: Mastering The final step to making your beats sound impressive is through the process of mastering. If you do a good job mixing then mastering can some times only take a few minutes.

The goal is to get it as loud as possible, bring out sounds you want and lower others depending on your exact needs. You then want to start a new project and drag the WAV file into your playlist as such:.

Now open your mixer and instead of adding effects to the individual inserts, we will add them to the master channel to change the whole beat. This is going to cut off a very low and high frequency range that can't even be picked up by the human ear to begin with. We want to do this so those frequencies aren't even considered by the software when mastering the rest of the track. This is a multi band compressor that will enable you to group up elements of your song and then manipulate them after.

Just like the name suggests, it will add compression to assure your track doesn't clip and distort. This is a great preset because it creates compression already for you but you'll want to select the pre and post gain knobs and reset them by right clicking.

On the master tab, assure it's turned on and drop the two points down This is to assure that your low end is mono and centred as I mentioned earlier. Multiband compression is a relatively complicated task so don't worry if you're under fully understanding this just yet. With some practice and extra research, you'll become an experienced engineer. Move the low band frequency knob until you only hear the low end like your bass and kick. Move the high band frequency knob until you can no longer hear the hi hat and high end elements.

Intro// Mixing and Mastering in FL Studio

Mastering is the final step in music production. After mastering, your song should be ready to go public. This is an example of something that you could easily do with the same setup. It may be a slightly too much squashed, but anyway, compare the difference:. Keep in mind that mastering goes hand-in-hand with mixing. Your song needs to sound balanced and as good as possible before moving into to the mastering stage.

How To Master A Song In FL Studio

With a little editing, you can turn up the volume and master the perfect sound. Adobe Audition Single App Creative Cloud All Apps Adobe Audition is a software developed by Adobe to create and edit digital audio aimed at the professional world: recording podcasts and radio programs, as well as the sound of audiovisual productions, among others. The program contains advanced tools that enable mixing, recording and editing with the highest quality results. Your email address will not be published. NEW: The latest release of Audition is here … excl.

I frequently post my music on soundcloud under the name J. Over time I ve learned a lot about mixing and mastering, and wanted to share some of my knowledge on the subject. I also thought a short tutorial on how to mix and master would be useful to beginning producers visiting my blog The Beat Canvas.

I've been producing for upwards to 3 years using FL Studio exclusively so I've amassed a lot of shortcuts and knowledge on the software. Tie that together with some music theory knowledge and you can bang out awesome beats in minutes. I'm writing this book for any aspiring producers that use Fruity Loops and want to start creating better music quickly.