Justice And Development Party In Turkey Pdf

justice and development party in turkey pdf

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The Justice and Development Party Turkey is a political Islamist group that came to power in through democratic elections. We shall discuss their rise to power, their policies during their time in office, which will include a discussion of issues on religion and governance, as well as an analysis of more recent events in Turkey related to the party.

This is a particularly interesting phenomenon because the great majority of the opposition and other parties believe that the AKP has waged a war against agriculture and farmers with the aim of completely de-agrarianising the country and making it entirely dependent on agricultural imports. During the last fifteen years, the AKP has significantly transformed the Turkish economy, society, and politics.

Unlike its predecessors, the AKP did not centre its image around an Islamic identity; indeed, its leaders underscored that it was not an Islamist party and emphasized that its focus was democratization, not the politicization of religion. In spite of the fact that the AKP was a relatively new party, it won enough seats in the November parliamentary elections to earn an absolute majority in the seat parliament. The next year the AKP was broadly successful in municipal elections.

Justice and Development Party

The Turkish elections of November brought a new Islamic-oriented political party to power, with almost two-thirds of the seats in Parliament. The success of AKP reflected the population's dissatisfaction with the ruling regime and its economic policy, but also constituted a major change in political Islam manifest in a significantly more liberal and pro-West discourse and program than its predecessors.

There are disagreements over how sincere this change is and how long it can be sustained. Some argue that the AKP will eventually clash with Turkey's secular political and military establishment, while others expect that the AKP will gradually transform Turkey's political centre by making it more Islamic and less secular.

AKP's record so far has been mixed in terms of validating either view. Based on the premise that sustainable transformation of a political party depends on a shift in the values of the constituency, this project aims to assess whether the change in AKP is sustainable.

Researchers will systematically examine the content of representative conservative Islamist newspapers and economic associations to determine whether the discursive changes preceded or followed major events, both domestic and external. They will endeavor to explain the Turkish experience in terms of general causal mechanisms, and compare the resulting explanation to the perception of political and economic actors as gleaned through interviews.

Experts from various Muslim countries will come together in a workshop to discuss Turkey's experience in a comparative light. There is scope for using the knowledge gained to understand and influence processes in other counties, such as Iraq, Lebanon, Morocco and Palestine. Home What we do. Project ID Friday, September 1, Sunday, March 1, Project Leader Murat Somer. Outputs Papers. Democracy for me : religious and secular beliefs and social and political pluralism in Turkey. Request A Copy.

Journal articles. Moderate Islam and secularist opposition in Turkey : implications for the world, Muslims and secular democracy. Download PDF.

Justice and Development Party (Turkey)

The party suffered a setback in the local elections , losing Istanbul and Ankara and other large cities, losses attributed to the Turkish economic crisis , accusations of authoritarianism, as well as alleged government inaction on the Syrian refugee crisis. Founded in , the party has a strong base of support among pious Muslims and arose from the conservative tradition of Turkey's Ottoman past and its Islamic identity, [32] though the party strongly denies it is Islamist. The party has been credited by many with passing a series of reforms from to that increased accessibility to healthcare and housing, distributed food subsidies, increased funding for students, improved infrastructure in poorer districts, privatized state-owned businesses, increased civilian oversight of the powerful military, overcame economic crises and oversaw high rates of growth of GDP and per capita income. The AKP government has also lifted bans on religious and conservative dress e. This has brought allegations that it is covertly undermining Turkish constitutional secular principles the Turkish constitution forbids sharia in the legal code or religious political parties, and courts have banned several parties for violating secular principles and led to two unsuccessful court cases attempting to close the party in and More recently, in , nationwide protests broke out against the alleged authoritarianism of the AKP government, the party's EU accession negotiations have stalled, [43] the AKP government has been accused of crony capitalism , [44] and criticized its plans to centralized power in the Turkish state, [45] and restrictions on civil liberties such as temporarily blocking access to Twitter and YouTube in March


Ümit Cizre, Secular and Islamic Politics in Turkey: The Making of the Justice and Development Party (New York: Routledge, ). ○ Cihan Tugal, Passive.


Rural roots of the rise of the Justice and Development Party in Turkey

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The Turkish elections of November brought a new Islamic-oriented political party to power, with almost two-thirds of the seats in Parliament. The success of AKP reflected the population's dissatisfaction with the ruling regime and its economic policy, but also constituted a major change in political Islam manifest in a significantly more liberal and pro-West discourse and program than its predecessors. There are disagreements over how sincere this change is and how long it can be sustained. Some argue that the AKP will eventually clash with Turkey's secular political and military establishment, while others expect that the AKP will gradually transform Turkey's political centre by making it more Islamic and less secular.

Islamic groups have increasingly had a substantial political impact throughout the Muslim world. Analyzing the differences between various types of Islamic groups is crucial to understanding the multiple aspects of this impact. The first one is an Islamist political party, which aspires to a top-down Islamization of socio-political life. The second one is an Islamic movement, which seeks a more bottom-up Islamization.

Turkey’s Political Parties

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Janina G.

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Odile O.

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Turkey is the most recent and a very curious case where populism and neoliberalism concurred. After its economic crisis, not only the Turkish economy but.

Forrest B.

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The Justice and Development Party is a socially conservative political party.

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